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Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria Associated with Halophytic Weed (Psoralea corylifolia L) on Germination and Seedling Growth of Wheat Under Saline Conditions

Sorty, Ajay M., Meena, Kamlesh K., Choudhary, Khushboo, Bitla, Utkarsh M., Minhas, P. S., Krishnani, K. K.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2016 v.180 no.5 pp. 872-882
Acinetobacter, Cullen corylifolium, Enterobacter, Marinobacterium, Pantoea, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Triticum aestivum, annual weeds, carbon, cell free system, crops, culture filtrates, endophytes, epiphytes, growth promotion, halophytes, in vitro studies, indole acetic acid, leaves, metabolites, microbiome, phylogeny, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, rhizoplane, roots, salt stress, salt tolerance, seed germination, seedling growth, semiarid zones, shoots, vigor, wheat, India
Halotolerant bacteria associated with Psoralea corylifolia L., a luxuriantly growing annual weed in salinity-affected semi-arid regions of western Maharashtra, India were evaluated for their plant growth-promoting activity in wheat. A total of 79 bacteria associated with different parts viz., root, shoot and nodule endophytes, rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and leaf epiphytes, were isolated and grouped based on their habitat. Twelve bacteria isolated for their potential in plant growth promotion were further selected for in vitro studies. Molecular identification showed the presence of the genera Bacillus, Pantoea, Marinobacterium, Acinetobacter, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, and Sinorhizobium (LC027447-53; LC027455; LC027457, LC027459, and LC128410). The phylogenetic studies along with carbon source utilization profiles using the Biolog® indicated the presence of novel species and the in planta studies revealed promising results under salinity stress. Whereas the nodule endophytes had minute plant growth-promoting (PGP) activity, the cell free culture filtrates of these strains enhanced seed germination of wheat (Triticum aestivum L). The maximum vigor index was monitored in isolate Y7 (Enterobacter sp strain NIASMVII). Indole acetic acid (IAA) production by the isolates ranged between 0.22 and 25.58 μg mL⁻¹. This signifies the need of exploration of their individual metabolites for developing next-generation bio-inoculants through co-inoculation with other compatible microbes. This study has potential in utilization of the weed-associated microbiome in terms of alleviation of salinity stress in crop plants.