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Acrylamide in processed potato products: progress made and present status

Paul, Vijay, Ezekiel, R., Pandey, Rakesh
Acta physiologiae plantarum 2016 v.38 no.12 pp. 276
French fries, acrylamides, food industry, foods, potatoes, reducing sugars, storage, storage temperature, storage time, India
Concerns related to higher levels of acrylamide in processed carbohydrate-rich foods, especially in fried potato products, are well known. This article provides updates on various aspects of acrylamide in processed potato products including mechanisms of acrylamide formation and health risks due to its intake. Levels of reducing sugars in potatoes are considered as a main factor contributing towards the formation of acrylamide in processed potato products. Useful approaches in lowering the levels of reducing sugars such as use of suitable varieties, storage methods, storage temperature and duration of storage are described and discussed. Importance and practical utility of various steps before and during the processing that can contribute in reducing the final concentration of acrylamide are highlighted. Progress made and present status of potato processing industry in India are part of this article. The article describes varietal improvement and spread of short-term and long-term storage technologies in India and their contribution towards round the year availability of processing-grade potatoes to the processing industries and how all this has helped in achieving reduced levels of acrylamide in chips and French fries. Outcome and implications of cold-induced sweetening tolerance in potatoes are presented along with other management practices and strategies that can lower the acrylamide levels in processed potato products. Future lines of work have been suggested to make the consumption of fried potato products safer.