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Single gene resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Race 4 in the wild banana Musa acuminata subsp. malaccensis

Fraser-Smith, S., Czislowski, E., Daly, A., Meldrum, R., Hamill, S., Smith, M., Aitken, E. A. B.
Acta horticulturae 2016 no.1114 pp. 95-100
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, Fusarium wilt, Musa acuminata subsp. malaccensis, bananas, chemical control, cultivars, diploidy, dominant genes, fungi, genetic resistance, pathogens, progeny, screening, virulent strains
Fusarium wilt of banana, caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is one of the most destructive diseases of banana. A particularly virulent strain of the pathogen, tropical race 4 (TR4), presents an emerging threat to banana producing regions throughout the world. No commercially acceptable banana cultivar is resistant to TR4 and, as with all strains of the Fusarium wilt pathogen, there is no effective chemical control. Genetic resistance to TR4 has been observed in the diploid wild banana Musa acuminata subsp. malaccensis, which has consequently received attention as a potential source of Fusarium resistance genes. The aim of this research was to determine the pattern of inheritance of the resistance trait by screening plants for resistance to Foc subtropical race 4 (SR4) and TR4. Our results showed that the F1 progeny of self-fertilized malaccensis plants challenged in pot trials against SR4 (VCGs 0120, 0129, 01211) and TR4 (VCG 01213/16) segregated for resistance according to a Mendelian ratio of 3:1 which is consistent with a single dominant gene hypothesis.