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Distribution, Identification, and Quantification of Residues after Treatment of Ready-To-Eat Salami with 36Cl-Labeled or Nonlabeled Chlorine Dioxide Gas

Smith David J., Giddings J. Michael, Herges Grant R., Ernst William
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.44 pp. 8454-8462
chlorine dioxide, lighting, perchlorates, ready-to-eat foods, salami, sanitation, sodium, sodium chlorate
When ready-to-eat salami was treated in a closed system with ³⁶Cl-labeled ClO₂ (5.5 mg/100 g of salami), essentially all radioactivity was deposited onto the salami. Administered ³⁶ClO₂ was converted to ³⁶Cl-chloride ion (>97%), trace levels of chlorate (<2%), and detectable levels of chlorite. In residue studies conducted with nonlabeled ClO₂, sodium perchlorate residues (LOQ, 4 ng/g) were not formed when reactions were protected from light. Sodium chlorate residues were present in control (39.2 ± 4.8 ng/g) and chlorine dioxide treated (128 ± 31.2 ng/g) salami. If sanitation occurred under conditions of illumination, detectable levels (3.7 ± 1.5 ng/g) of perchlorate were formed along with greater quantities of sodium chlorate (183.6 ± 75.4 ng/g). Collectively, these data suggest that ClO₂ is chemically reduced by salami and that slow-release formulations might be appropriate for applications involving the sanitation of ready-to-eat meat products.