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Leaf biochemical responses and fruit oil quality parameters in olive plants subjected to airborne metal pollution
- Fourati, Radhia, Scopa, Antonio, Ben Ahmed, Chedlia, Ben Abdallah, Ferjani, Terzano, Roberto, Gattullo, Concetta Eliana, Allegretta, Ignazio, Galgano, Fernanda, Caruso, Marisa Carmela, Sofo, Adriano
- Chemosphere 2017 v.168 pp. 514-522
- Olea europaea, antioxidant activity, cadmium, copper, fertilizers, foods, fruits, homeostasis, humans, iron, lead, leaves, manganese, nickel, olive oil, olives, orchards, physiological state, pigments, pollution, roots, sensory properties, toxicity
- This study was carried out in two olive orchards (Olea europaea L., cv. Chemlali) located in a polluted area near a fertilizers factory and in a control unpolluted site, managed with similar cultivation techniques. The aim was to investigate the physiological and biochemical responses of polluted plants (PP), exposed to atmospheric metal contamination (Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Pb) as compared to control plants (CP). Leaves, roots and fruits of PP showed a depression of their non-enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidant defences and a disruption of their hormonal homeostasis. The anomalous physiological status of PP was also demonstrated by the lower values of pigments in leaves and fruits, as compared to CP. Atmospheric metals negatively affected olive oil chemical and sensory quality. However, despite metal deposition on fruit surfaces, the accumulation of potentially toxic metals in olive oil was negligible. Considering that olive oil is an important food product worldwide and that many productive olive orchards are exposed to several sources of pollution, this work could contribute to clarify the effects of atmospheric metal pollution on olive oil quality and its potential toxicity for humans.