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Characteristics of glucomannan isolated from fresh tuber of Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume)

Yanuriati, Anny, Marseno, Djagal Wiseso, Rochmadi,, Harmayani, Eni
Carbohydrate polymers 2017 v.156 pp. 56-63
Amorphophallus muelleri, corms, ethanol, flour, isolation techniques, konjac mannan, solubility, solvents, starch, tubers, viscosity, water holding capacity
Porang is a potential source of glucomannan. This research objective was to find a direct glucomannan isolation method from fresh porang corm to produce high purity glucomannan. Two isolation methods were performed. In first method, sample was water dissolved using Al2(SO4)3 as flocculant for 15 (AA15) or 30 (AA30) minutes with purification. In second method, sample was repeatedly milled using ethanol as solvent and filtered for 5 (EtOH5) or 7 (EtOH7) times without purification. The characteristics of obtained glucomannan were compared to those of commercial porang flour (CPF) and purified konjac glucomannan (PKG). High purity (90.98%), viscosity (27,940 cps) and transparency (57.74%) of amorphous glucomannan were isolated by EtOH7. Ash and protein level significantly reduced to 0.57% and 0.31%, respectively, with no starch content. Water holding capacity (WHC) of EtOH7 glucomannan significantly enhanced, whereas its solubility was lower than those of PKG due to its ungrounded native granular form.