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Transferable Potentials for Phase Equilibria. 10. Explicit-Hydrogen Description of Substituted Benzenes and Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

Rai, Neeraj, Siepmann, J. Ilja
The Journal of physical chemistry 2013 v.117 no.1 pp. 273-288
temperature, Monte Carlo method, benzoquinones, hydroxyl radicals, thiophene, methanol, phenanthrenes, anthracenes, phenol, isomers, carbon, quinoline, hexachlorobenzene, hydrogen bonding, naphthalene, benzene, benzimidazole
The explicit-hydrogen version of the transferable potentials for phase equilibria (TraPPE-EH) force field is extended to various substituted benzenes through the parametrization of the exocyclic groups F, Cl, Br, CN, and OH and to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons through the parametrization of the aromatic linker carbon atom for multiple rings. The linker carbon together with the TraPPE-EH parameters for aromatic heterocycles constitutes a force field for fused-ring heterocycles. Configurational-bias Monte Carlo simulations in the Gibbs ensemble were carried out to compute vapor–liquid coexistence curves for fluorobenzene; chlorobenzene; bromobenzene; di-, tri-, and hexachlorobenzene isomers; 2-chlorofuran; 2-chlorothiophene; benzonitrile; phenol; dihydroxybenzene isomers; 1,4-benzoquinone; naphthalene; naphthalene-2-carbonitrile; naphthalen-2-ol; quinoline; benzo[b]thiophene; benzo[c]thiophene; benzoxazole; benzisoxazole; benzimidazole; benzothiazole; indole; isoindole; indazole; purine; anthracene; and phenanthrene. The agreement with the limited experimental data is very satisfactory, with saturated liquid densities and vapor pressures reproduced to within 1.5% and 15%, respectively. The mean unsigned percentage errors in the normal boiling points, critical temperatures, and critical densities are 0.9%, 1.2%, and 1.4%, respectively. Additional simulations were carried out for binary systems of benzene/benzonitrile, benzene/phenol, and naphthalene/methanol to illustrate the transferability of the developed potentials to binary systems containing compounds of different polarity and hydrogen-bonding ability. A detailed analysis of the liquid-phase structures is provided for selected neat systems and binary mixtures.