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N-Linked glycans are an important component of the processive machinery of cellobiohydrolases

Gusakov, Alexander V., Dotsenko, Anna S., Rozhkova, Aleksandra M., Sinitsyn, Arkady P.
Biochimie 2016
Myceliophthora thermophila, Talaromyces verruculosus, active sites, biocatalysts, biodegradation, cellulases, cellulose, enzyme activity, fungi, mechanistic models, site-directed mutagenesis
Cellobiohydrolases (CBHs), belonging to glycoside hydrolase families 6 and 7 (GH6 and GH7), are the major components of cellulase systems of filamentous fungi involved in biodegradation of cellulose in nature. Previous studies demonstrated that N-linked glycans in the catalytic domains of GH7 CBHs significantly affect the enzyme activity against cellulosic substrates. The influence of N-linked glycans on the activity and processivity of recombinant GH6 CBH II from Penicillium verruculosum (PvCel6A) was studied using site-directed mutagenesis of the respective Asn residues. Depending on the position of N-glycans on the surface of a protein globule, they affected the enzyme activity against cellulose either negatively or positively. The decrease or increase in the degree of processivity of recombinant forms of PvCel6A generally correlated with activity changes against Avicel. The mechanism of the N-glycan influence seems to be universal for GH6 and GH7 CBHs. The observed effects for CBHs from both families are explained in terms of a mechanistic model that also makes clear our previously published data on the highly active CBH IIb from Myceliophthora thermophila (MtCel6B). This study, together with data of other researchers, strongly suggests that the N-linked glycans in the catalytic domains of GH6 and GH7 CBHs are involved in processive catalytic machinery of these enzymes. Data obtained should be taken into account during development of new and more effective biocatalysts by protein engineering techniques.