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Analysis of gene expression and regulation implicates C2H9orf152 has an important role in calcium metabolism and chicken reproduction

Liu, Long, Fan, Yanfeng, Zhang, Zhenhe, Yang, Chan, Geng, Tuoyu, Gong, Daoqing, Hou, Zhuocheng, Ning, Zhonghua
Animal reproduction science 2017 v.176 pp. 1-10
berberine, calcium, chickens, complementary DNA, egg production, egg shell quality, gene expression regulation, genes, hepatocytes, humans, liver, liver function, long term effects, metabolism, open reading frames, oviducts, retinoic acid, sequence analysis, sexual maturity, tissues, transcription factors, uterus
The reproductive system of a female bird is responsible for egg production. The genes highly expressed in oviduct are potentially important. From RNA-seq analysis, C2H9orf152 (an orthologous gene of human C9orf152) was identified as highly expressed in chicken uterus. To infer its function, we obtained and characterized its complete cDNA sequence, determined its spatiotemporal expression, and probed its transcription factor(s) through pharmaceutical approach. Data showed that the complete cDNA sequence was 1468bp long with a 789bp of open reading frame. Compared to other tested tissues, this gene was highly expressed in the oviduct and liver tissues, especially uterus. Its expression in uterus was gradually increased during developmental and reproductive periods, which verified its involvement in the growth and maturity of reproductive system. In contrast, its expression was not significant different between active and quiescent uterus, suggesting the role of C2H9orf152 in reproduction is likely due to its long-term effect. Moreover, based on its 5′-flanking sequence, Foxd3 and Hnf4a were predicted as transcription factors of C2H9orf152. Using berberine or retinoic acid (which can regulate the activities of Hnf4a and Foxd3, respectively), we demonstrated suppression of C2H9orf152 by the chemicals in chicken primary hepatocytes. As retinoic acid regulates calcium metabolism, and Hnf4a is a key nuclear factor to liver, these findings suggest that C2H9orf152 is involved in liver function and calcium metabolism of reproductive system. In conclusion, C2H9orf152 may have a long-term effect on chicken reproductive system by regulating calcium metabolism, suggesting this gene has an important implication in the improvement of egg production and eggshell quality.