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Influence of aeration on volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) and NH3 emissions during aerobic composting of kitchen waste

Zhang, Hongyu, Li, Guoxue, Gu, Jun, Wang, Guiqin, Li, Yangyang, Zhang, Difang
Waste management 2016 v.58 pp. 369-375
aeration, ammonia, compost quality, composting, corn stover, gas emissions, kitchen waste, sulfur
This study investigates the influence of aeration on volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) and ammonia (NH3) emissions during kitchen waste composting. Aerobic composting of kitchen waste and cornstalks was conducted at a ratio of 85:15 (wet weight basis) in 60L reactors for 30days. The gas emissions were analyzed with force aeration at rates of 0.1 (A1), 0.2 (A2) and 0.3 (A3) L (kgDMmin)⁻¹, respectively. Results showed that VSCs emission at the low aeration rate (A1) was more significant than that at other two rates (i.e., A2 and A3 treatment), where no considerable emission difference was observed. On the other hand, NH3 emission reduced as the aeration rate decreased. It is noteworthy that the aeration rate did not significantly affect the compost quality. These results suggest that the aeration rate of 0.2L (kgDMmin)⁻¹ may be applied to control VSCs and NH3 emissions during kitchen waste composting.