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Removing lignin model pollutants with BiFeO3–g-C3N4 compound as an efficient visible-light-heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst

An, Junjian, Zhang, Guangyan, Zheng, Rongfeng, Wang, Peng
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2016 v.48 pp. 218-229
adsorption, carbon nitride, catalysts, catalytic activity, guaiacol, irradiation, lignin, nanosheets, pH, pollutants, semiconductors, surface area
BiFeO3–g-C3N4 nanoscaled composite was prepared with a hydrothermal method and evaluated as a highly efficient photo-Fenton like catalyst under visible light irradiation. The BiFeO3–g-C3N4 composite exhibited much stronger adsorption ability to lignin model pollutant (guaiacol) than that of BiFeO3, which may be due to the higher specific surface area (BiFeO3–g-C3N4: 35.59m²/g>BiFeO3: 7.42m²/g) and the adsorption form of π–π stack between g-C3N4 and guaiacol. The composite exhibited excellent visible light-Fenton like catalysis activity, being influenced by the solution pH value and the proportions of BiFeO3 and g-C3N4 nanosheets. Under optimal conditions with visible light irradiation, the BiFeO3–g-C3N4 composite yielded fast degradation of guaiacol with an apparent rate constant of 0.0452min⁻¹, which were 5.21 and 6.80 folds of that achieved by using BiFeO3 and the mixture of BiFeO3 and g-C3N4 nanosheets, respectively. The significantly enhanced visible light-Fenton like catalytic properties of the BiFeO3–g-C3N4 composite in comparison with that of BiFeO3 was attributed to a large surface area, much increased adsorption capacity and the semiconductor coupling effect between BiFeO3 and g-C3N4 in the composite.