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Gastrodia elata Blume Extract Modulates Antioxidant Activity and Ultraviolet A-Irradiated Skin Aging in Human Dermal Fibroblast Cells

Song, Eunju, Chung, Haeyon, Shim, Eugene, Jeong, Jung-Ky, Han, Bok-Kyung, Choi, Hyuk-Joon, Hwang, Jinah
Journal of medicinal food 2016 v.19 no.11 pp. 1057-1064
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Gastrodia elata, Oriental traditional medicine, anti-aging properties, antioxidant activity, atopic dermatitis, eczema, fibroblasts, flavonoids, free radical scavengers, herbal medicines, humans, interstitial collagenase, messenger RNA, nervous system diseases, paralysis, stroke, superoxide dismutase, ultraviolet radiation
Gastrodia elata Blume (GEB), a traditional herbal medicine, has been used to treat a wide range of neurological disorders (e.g., paralysis and stroke) and skin problems (e.g., atopic dermatitis and eczema) in oriental medicine. This study was designed to investigate the antioxidant ability of GEB and its antiaging effect on human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF). The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of GEB were 21.8 and 0.43 mg/g dry weight (DW), respectively. The ergothioneine content of GEB was 0.41 mg/mL DW. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of GEB at 5 and 10 mg/mL approximately ranged between 31% and 44%. The superoxide dismutase activity of GEB at 10 and 25 mg/mL was 57% and 76%, respectively. GEB increased procollagen type 1 (PC1) production and inhibited matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) production and elastase-1 activity in UVA-irradiated HDF. PC1 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels decreased upon UVA irradiation, but recovered in response to high doses of GEB in HDF. On the contrary, GEB significantly decreased MMP-1 and elastase-1 mRNA levels, which were markedly induced in UVA-irradiated HDF. Collectively, these results suggest that GEB has sufficient antioxidant ability to prevent the signs of skin aging in UVA-irradiated human skin cells, suggesting its potential as a natural antiaging product.