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Molecular characterization of pathogenic and nonpathogenic fowl aviadenovirus serotype 11 isolates

Slaine, Patrick D., Ackford, James G., Kropinski, Andrew M., Kozak, Robert A., Krell, Peter J., Nagy, Éva
Canadian journal of microbiology 2016 v.62 no.12 pp. 993-1002
avirulent strains, bioinformatics, birds, genetic markers, genome, mutation, pathogenesis, pathogenicity, proteins, sequence analysis, serotypes, tandem repeat sequences, veterinary medicine, viruses, Ontario
Fowl aviadenoviruses, many of which are of importance in veterinary medicine, are classified into 5 species. In this study, a pathogenic isolate and a nonpathogenic isolate of fowl aviadenovirus serotype 11 (FAdV-11) of species Fowl aviadenovirus D were characterized. Growth rates were analyzed for the 2 isolates, showing notable differences. The complete genomic sequences of the viruses were fully determined and were analyzed. The genomes of the 2 isolates showed 98.1% sequence identity and revealed 6 nonsynonymous mutations between the Ontario isolates. Two of the 6 mutations were also found in the sequences of recently published pathogenic Chinese fowl aviadenovirus 11 isolates, suggesting potential molecular markers that could be associated with pathogenesis. Deletions were found in the L5 region within the overlapping coding sequences for the 100, 22, and 33 kDa proteins, and these were found in only the nonpathogenic isolates. This molecular pattern was identified in FAdV-9, another nonpathogenic FAdV-D species virus. Furthermore, the tandem repeat regions varied dramatically; the pathogenic isolates contained a reduced number of tandem repeats compared with the nonpathogenic isolates. Lastly, a protein produced early in infection was analyzed using bioinformatics to determine its role in disease. This study highlights several candidate molecular determinants of avian adenovirus genomes related to pathogenicity.