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Observation of diurnal variations in mesoscale eddy sea-surface currents using GOCI data

Park, Ji-Eun, Park, Kyung-Ae, Ullman, David S., Cornillon, Peter C., Park, Young-Je
Remote sensing letters 2016 v.7 no.12 pp. 1131-1140
chlorophyll, color, diurnal variation, remote sensing, wind speed, Sea of Japan
The surface current field of a mesoscale eddy in the East Sea (Sea of Japan) was derived from consecutive Geostationary Ocean Color Imager chlorophyll- a (chl- a) concentration images using the normalized maximum cross-correlation method. The estimated current field of the eddy exhibited anticyclonic structure demonstrated by the objective dynamic thresholds of correlation coefficients. The eddy periphery was defined by fitting an ellipse to subjectively selected points from the frontal map of chl- a concentration data. Radial distribution and hourly variation of the current speed around the eddy were presented. In terms of the magnitude and direction, the estimated current field was in good agreement with altimeter-based current field and current vectors from surface drifters. Diurnal variations in the current speeds of the mesoscale eddies showed a quadratic relation to the wind speed.