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Total Synthesis and in Vitro Anti-Tumor-Promoting Activities of Racemic Acetophenone Monomers from Acronychia trifoliolata

Morita, Chihiro, Kobayashi, Yukiko, Saito, Yohei, Miyake, Katsunori, Tokuda, Harukuni, Suzuki, Nobutaka, Ichiishi, Eiichiro, Lee, Kuo-Hsiung, Nakagawa-Goto, Kyoko
Journal of natural products 2016 v.79 no.11 pp. 2890-2897
inhibitory concentration 50, Acronychia, antigens, Human gammaherpesvirus 4
Six acetophenone derivatives, acronyculatins I (1), J (2), K (3), L (4), N (5), and O (6), were recently isolated from Acronychia trifoliolata, and the structure of the known acronyculatin B (7) was revised. Because of the limited quantities of isolated products as well as their structure similarity, racemic acronyculatins I–L, N, O, and B (1–7) were synthesized to confirm their structures and to obtain sufficient material for biological evaluation. Trihydroxyacetophenone was converted to the target compounds by various sequences of hydroxy group protection, allylation or prenylation, and epoxidation followed by cyclization. C-Prenylations were carried out by direct addition of a prenyl group or through 1,3- or 3,3-sigmatropic rearrangement. The synthesized racemic compounds were evaluated in an anti-tumor-promoting assay using the Epstein–Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in Raji cells. All tested compounds significantly inhibited EBV-EA activation. Especially, racemic acronyculatin I (1) displayed the most potent inhibitory effects, with an IC₅₀ value of 7.3 μM.