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Extraction of Eugenol from Carnation: A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis by Aqueous and Ethanolic Solvents

Poralijan, Vahid, Shokuhi Rad, Ali
Journal of essential oil-bearing plants 2016 v.19 no.6 pp. 1495-1502
Dianthus caryophyllus, ethanol, eugenol, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, phenol, qualitative analysis, solvents, spectrometers
The purpose of this study is to conduct a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the extracted eugenol and related compounds through the use of two solvents of water and ethanol. In this study, the eugenol is extracted using ethanolic solvent and essence with the help of water from the carnation. Extract and essence are analyzed through gas chromatography mass spectrometer (GC-MS), which is the base of isolation and identification by mass spectrometric analysis. The comparison showed that 1 micro liter carnation essence soluble with aqueous solvent contains 62.38% eugenol, 34.79% trans caryophillen and 2.83% beta Slynn; and 1 micro liter of carnation extract solution ethanolic solvent contains 63.23%, eugenol, 14.42% trans -caryophyllen, 1.93% β-slynn, 0.08% α-amporphen, 0.92% caryophyllen oxide, 0.17% α-farnesene, 0.2% δ-cadinene, and 19.05% phenol cadinene 2 methoxy 4 (2 Peropenyl).