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Yellow-Emitting Carbon Nanodots and Their Flexible and Transparent Films for White LEDs

Kim, Tak H., White, Alan R., Sirdaarta, Joseph P., Ji, Wenyu, Cock, Ian E., St. John, James, Boyd, Sue E., Brown, Christopher L., Li, Qin
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016 v.8 no.48 pp. 33102-33111
Artemia franciscana, bioassays, carbon, citric acid, color, encapsulation, nanotechnology, nauplii, optical properties, toxicity testing, urea
We report carbon nanodots that can be utilized as effective color converting phosphors for the production of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Blue-excitable and yellow-emitting carbon nanodots, functionalized with 3-(imidazolidin-2-on-1-yl)propylmethyldimethoxysilane (IPMDS)-derived moieties (IS-CDs), are synthesized by a novel one-pot reaction in which the products from the initial reaction occurring between urea and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propylmethyl-dimethoxysilane (AEPMDS) are further treated with citric acid. Distinctive from the majority of carbon nanodots reported previously, IS-CDs emit at 560 nm, under 460 nm excitation, with a quantum yield of 44%. Preliminary toxicity studies, assessed by the Artemia franciscana nauplii (brine shrimp larvae) bioassay, indicate that IS-CDs are largely nontoxic. Furthermore, the IS-CDs form flexible and transparent films without the need of encapsulating agents, and the solid films retain the optical properties of solvated IS-CDs. These features indicate an immense potential for the IS-CDs as an environmental-friendly, blue-excitable carbon nanodot-based phosphor in solid-state lighting devices.