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Niosomes Consisting of Tween-60 and Cholesterol Improve the Chemical Stability and Antioxidant Activity of (−)-Epigallocatechin Gallate under Intestinal Tract Conditions

Liang, Rong, Chen, Ling, Yokoyama, Wallace, Williams, Peter A., Zhong, Fang
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.48 pp. 9180-9188
antioxidant activity, bioavailability, cholesterol, dialysis, digestion, encapsulation, intestines, niosomes, pH, pancreatin, polysorbates
In order to improve the chemical stability and antioxidant activity of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in the gastrointestinal tract, niosomes composed of Tween-60 and cholesterol were developed to encapsulate EGCG in this investigation. EGCG loaded niosomes with encapsulation efficiency around 76% exhibited a small Z-average diameter about 60 nm. Compared to free EGCG, the EGCG remaining in dialysis tubes was significantly improved for niosomes at pH 2 and 7.4. Meanwhile, the residual EGCG for niosomes increased from 3% to 49% after 2 h incubation in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). Pancreatin was found to impact the stability of niosomes in SIF mainly. Furthermore, the results from ferric reducing antioxidant power and cellular antioxidant activity tests indicated that EGCG loaded niosomes exhibited stronger antioxidant ability than free EGCG during intestinal digestion. Thus, we can infer that niosomal encapsulation might be a promising approach to improve the oral bioavailability of EGCG in the body.