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Fluorescence-Magnetism Functional EuS Nanocrystals with Controllable Morphologies for Dual Bioimaging

Sun, Yuanqing, Wang, Dandan, Zhao, Tianxin, Jiang, Yingnan, Zhao, Yueqi, Wang, Chuanxi, Sun, Hongchen, Yang, Bai, Lin, Quan
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016 v.8 no.49 pp. 33539-33545
ambient temperature, biocompatibility, composite polymers, fluorescence, ligands, magnetic properties, nanocrystals, nanorods, nanospheres, nanowires, oils, reducing agents
Multiple functions incorporated in one single component material offer important applications in biosystems. Here we prepared a divalent state of rare earth EuS nanocrystals (NCs), which provides luminescent and magnetic properties, using both 1-Dodecanethiol (DT) and oleylamine (OLA) as reducing agents. The resultant EuS NCs exhibit controllable shapes, uniform size, and bright luminescence with a quantum yield as high as 3.5%. OLA as a surface ligand plays an important role in tunable morphologies, such as nanowires, nanorods, nanospheres et al. Another attractive nature of the EuS NCs is their paramagnetism at room temperature. In order to expand the biological applications, the resultant EuS NCs were modified with amphiphilic block copolymer F127 and transferred from oil to water phase. The excellent biocompatibility of EuS NCs is demonstrated as well as preservation of their luminescence and paramagnetic properties. The EuS NCs offer multifunction and great advantages of bright luminescence, paramagnetic, controllable morphologies, and good biocompatibility promising applications in the field of simultaneous magnetic resonance and fluorescence bioimaging.