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Açaí (Euterpe oleraceae) ‘BRS Pará’: A tropical fruit source of antioxidant dietary fiber and high antioxidant capacity oil

Rufino, Maria do Socorro M., Pérez-Jiménez, Jara, Arranz, Sara, Alves, Ricardo Elesbão, de Brito, Edy S., Oliveira, Maria S.P., Saura-Calixto, Fulgencio
Food research international 2011 v.44 no.7 pp. 2100-2106
Euterpe, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, cultivars, dietary fiber, dietary supplements, extra-virgin olive oil, fruits, functional foods, pulp, tropical and subtropical fruits
This article reports a study of the concentrations of dietary fiber (DF) and antioxidant capacity in fruits (pulp and oil) of a new açaí (Euterpe oleraceae) cultivar—‘BRS-Pará’, with a view to determine the possibility of using it as a source of antioxidants in functional foods or dietary supplements. Results show that ‘BRS-Pará’ açaí fruits has a high content of DF (71% dry matter) and oil (20.82%) as well as a high antioxidant capacity in both defatted matter and oil. ‘BRS-Pará’ Açaí fruits can be considered as an excellent source of antioxidant dietary fiber. Antioxidant capacity of açaí ‘BRS-Pará’ oil by DPPH assay was higher (EC₅₀=646.3g/g DPPH) than extra virgin olive oil (EC₅₀=2057.27g/g DPPH). These features provide açaí ‘BRS-Pará’ fruits with considerable potential for nutritional and health applications.