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Melatonin stimulates the expansion of etiolated lupin cotyledons

Hernández-Ruiz, Josefa, Arnao, Marino B.
Plant growth regulation 2008 v.55 no.1 pp. 29-34
Lupinus albus, cotyledons, etiolation, flowers, fluorescence, fruits, growth promotion, indole acetic acid, leaves, liquid chromatography, melatonin, plant organs, roots, seeds, serotonin, stems
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is an indoleamine which is structurally related to tryptophan, serotonin and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), among other important substances. Many studies have clearly demonstrated its presence in different plant organs, including roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds. Since it discovery in plants in 1995, authors have postulated many physiological roles for melatonin, although research into this molecule in plants is still in its infancy. The data presented in this study demonstrate that melatonin stimulates the expansion of etiolated cotyledons of lupin (Lupinus albus L.) to a similar extent to that observed for IAA but less than in the case of kinetin. Endogenous melatonin in imbibed cotyledons has been quantified using a liquid chromatography method with fluorescence detection and capacity of cotyledons to absorb melatonin has been determined. The observed effect of melatonin on lupin cotyledon expansion can be added to the other effects demonstrated by our group such as its role as growth promoter and rooting promotor in adventitious and lateral roots.