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Effect of incomplete milking on milk production rate and composition with 2 daily milkings

Penry, J.F., Endres, E.L., de Bruijn, B., Kleinhans, A., Crump, P.M., Reinemann, D.J., Hernandez, L.L.
Journal of dairy science 2017 v.100 no.2 pp. 1535-1540
apoptosis, autocrine signaling, cell proliferation, cows, geometry, lactose, mammary glands, milk, milk fat, milk proteins, milk secretion, milk yield, milking, paracrine signaling, somatic cell count, statistical models, teats, udders, urea nitrogen
The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of incomplete milking on milk secretion and milk composition at the quarter level. Twelve cows were enrolled beginning at 5 d in milk and remained on study through 47 d in milk. Half of each contralateral udder was incompletely milked (treatment), detaching the teat cup early to leave approximately 30% of the total milk yield behind. This target milk remaining in the gland was based on weekly calibration milking measurements of quarter total milk yield. Control quarters were milked completely until milk flow had decreased to 0 kg/min based on visual assessment. Harvested milk yield was measured twice daily at each milking, and milk components (fat, protein, lactose, solids nonfat, milk urea nitrogen) and somatic cell count, were measured twice weekly at the quarter level. The experimental unit in this design was the half-udder, and a mixed-model approach was used to assess the main and interactive effects of experiment week and treatment on milk production rate, milk remaining in the gland, and milk composition. The effect of treatment on milk production rate was significant, with the average control half-udder producing 0.97 kg/h and the treatment half-udder 0.73 kg/h. The effect of week on milk production rate and the interaction of week × treatment were also significant. The effect of treatment on milk remaining in the gland was significant, illustrating that an increase in milk remaining in the cisternal compartment had been achieved. We detected a significant decrease in milk lactose percentage in treatment half-udders, and a significant increase in somatic cell count (log10). The increase was relatively small, from a geometric mean of 26,300 cells/mL in control quarters to 48,300 cells/mL in treatment quarters. The decrease in milk production rate in treatment half-udders supports current knowledge about how mammary epithelial cell secretion, proliferation, and apoptosis are modulated by autocrine-paracrine factors.