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Improved production of 2′-fucosyllactose in engineered Escherichia coli by expressing putative α-1,2-fucosyltransferase, WcfB from Bacteroides fragilis

Chin, Young-Wook, Kim, Ji-Yeong, Kim, Jae-Han, Jung, Sang-Min, Seo, Jin-Ho
Journal of biotechnology 2016
Bacteroides fragilis, Escherichia coli, batch fermentation, bioreactors, breast milk, drugs, enzymes, functional foods, genes, guanosine, lactose
2′-Fucosyllactose (2-FL) is one of most abundant oligosaccharides in human milk, which is involved in many biological functions for infant health. Since 2-FL has a great potential in application to functional food materials and pharmaceuticals, several microbial systems for mass production of 2-FL have been developed in recent years. Microbial production of 2-FL was suggested to be influenced by a number of factors including fucosylation activity of α-1,2-fucosyltransferase. In the present study, the wcfB gene coding for α-1,2-fucosyltransferase from Bacteroides fragilis was screened from eleven candidates of putative α-1,2-fucosyltransferase. Introduction of the wcfB gene allows the lacZ-deleted strain of E. coli expressing the genes for guanosine 5′-diphosphate (GDP)-l-fucose biosynthetic enzymes to produce 2-FL. As a result of fed-batch fermentation, 15.4g/L extracellular concentration of 2-FL with 2-FL yield of 0.858g/g lactose and productivity of 0.530g/L/h were obtained. In addition, the feasibility of industrial production of 2-FL using this microbial system was demonstrated by performing fed-batch fermentation in a 75L bioreactor.