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Fertilization value of municipal sewage sludge for Eucalyptus camaldulensis plants

Leila, Soudani, Mhamed, Maatoug, Hermann, Heilmeier, Mykola, Kharytonov, Oliver, Wiche, Christin, Moschner, Elena, Onyshchenkoc, Nadia, Bouchenafa
Biotechnology reports 2017 v.13 pp. 8-12
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, crops, forest plantations, landfills, leaves, planting, saplings, sewage sludge, soil, soil amendments, wastewater treatment, Algeria
The wastewater treatment produces a large amount of sludge. The different uses of eliminations sludge such as landfills or incineration have consequences negative for the environment, the agricultural use has increased worldwide, especially in crops and few or no studies have been conducted with forest plantations in Algeria. The objective of this study is to assess fertilizing characteristics of the sludge from the wastewater treatment plant of Tiaret (Algeria). One-year-old saplings of Eucalyptus camaldulensis were transplanted into pots with sludge/soil mixtures where sludge content was 20%, 40% and 60%. Biometric measurements (height, base diameter, diameter at mid-height and the number of leaves) were performed during six months after planting. Results demonstrated the positive effect of sludge application. A significant difference in height increment and number of leaves was found between the control and sludge-treated plants. Biometric values for all sludge mixtures were higher than those for control plants (100% soil). The mixture, which contained 60% sludge, gives the best result, except for a diameter of stem. Plants grown on sludge/soil mixture had average height 49.4±24.1cm and average number of leaves 68.8±6.2 while average height for plants grown on soil was 34.3±12.8cm and average number of leaves was 40±3.8. Sludge application provides soil amendment and additional nutrient supply for planted trees.