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Application of supercritical carbon dioxide for microorganism reductions in fresh pork
- BAE, YUN YOUNG, CHOI, YOUNG MIN, KIM, MIN JUNG, KIM, KYOUNG HEON, KIM, BYOUNG CHUL, RHEE, MIN SUK
- Journal of food safety 2011 v.31 no.4 pp. 511-517
- temperature, pork, carbon dioxide, exposure duration, Salmonella Typhimurium, microorganisms, pasteurization, plate count, product quality, raw meat, Listeria monocytogenes, food safety, Escherichia coli
- This study was conducted to examine the inhibitory effects of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC‐CO2) on microorganisms in fresh pork. With SC‐CO2 treatment at 120 bar and 40C for 30 min, the initial mesophilic plate counts were reduced from 6.23 to 4.54 log colony‐forming units (cfu) per cm2, and the reduction levels of microorganisms, including nonpathogenic Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7, ranged from 1.99 to 2.51 log cfu/cm2. Even though SC‐CO2 treatment at 120 bar resulted in higher reductions than treatment at 80 bar, the higher temperature or longer exposure times did not always present greater inhibitory effects than the lower temperature or shorter exposure times. Therefore, from an economic point of view, SC‐CO2 treatment at the lower temperature (35 versus 40C) and shortest exposure time (10 versus 30 min) was more efficient than treatment at the higher temperature or longer exposure time at the same pressure. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The practical application of SC‐CO2 has been proposed as an alternative pasteurization technique for various liquid foods. In addition, SC‐CO2 treatment can be used to effectively improve solid food safety including fresh meat and meat products without impairing the quality of the products.