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The response of growth and patulin production of postharvest pathogen Penicillium expansum to exogenous potassium phosphite treatment

Lai, Tongfei, Wang, Ying, Fan, Yaya, Zhou, Yingying, Bao, Ying, Zhou, Ting
International journal of food microbiology 2017 v.244 pp. 1-10
Penicillium expansum, amino acid metabolism, apples, biosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, data collection, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, lipid metabolism, pathogenicity, pathogens, patulin, potassium phosphite, protein synthesis, proteome, secondary metabolites, sequence analysis, spores, transcription (genetics), transcriptome
In this study, the effects of exogenous potassium phosphite (Phi) on growth and patulin production of postharvest pathogen Penicillium expansum were assessed. The results indicated that P. expansum under 5mmol/L Phi stress presented obvious development retardation, yield reduction of patulin and lower infectivity to apple fruit. Meanwhile, expression analysis of 15 genes related to patulin biosynthesis suggested that Phi mainly affected the early steps of patulin synthetic route at transcriptional level. Furthermore, a global view of proteome and transcriptome alteration of P. expansum spores during 6h of Phi stress was evaluated by iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation) and RNA-seq (RNA sequencing) approaches. A total of 582 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) and 177 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were acquired, most of which participated in carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, genetic information processing and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Finally, 39 overlapped candidates were screened out through correlational analysis between iTRAQ and RNA-seq datasets. These findings will afford more precise and directional clues to explore the inhibitory mechanism of Phi on growth and patulin biosynthesis of P. expansum, and be beneficial to develop effective controlling approaches based on Phi.