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Enhanced plant growth promoting role of phycomolecules coated zinc oxide nanoparticles with P supplementation in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Author:
Venkatachalam, P., Priyanka, N., Manikandan, K., Ganeshbabu, I., Indiraarulselvi, P., Geetha, N., Muralikrishna, K., Bhattacharya, R.C., Tiwari, M., Sharma, N., Sahi, S.V.
Source:
Plant physiology and biochemistry 2017 v.110 pp. 118-127
ISSN:
0981-9428
Subject:
Gossypium hirsutum, biochemical pathways, biomass, carotenoids, catalase, chlorophyll, cotton, enzyme activity, growth promotion, hydroponics, leaves, ligands, malondialdehyde, mechanism of action, meristems, nanoparticles, peroxidase, plant growth, plant growth substances, protein content, superoxide dismutase, zinc oxide
Abstract:
This report focuses on application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) carrying phycomolecule ligands as a novel plant growth promoter aimed at increasing the crop productivity. The present investigation examined the effect of ZnONPs on plant growth characteristics, and associated biochemical changes in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) following growth in a range of concentrations (25–200 mg L−l ZnONPs) in combination with 100 mM P in a hydroponic system. Treated plants registered an increase in growth and total biomass by 130.6% and 131%, respectively, over control. Results demonstrated a significant increase in the level of chlorophyll a (141.6%), b (134.7%), carotenoids (138.6%), and total soluble protein contents (179.4%); at the same time, a significant reduction (68%) in the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in leaves with respect to control. Interestingly, a significant increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD, 264.2%), and peroxidase (POX, 182.8%) enzyme activities followed by a decrease in the catalase (CAT) activity, in response to above treatments. These results suggest that bioengineered ZnONPs interact with meristematic cells triggering biochemical pathways conducive to an accumulation of biomass. Further investigations will map out the mode of action involved in growth promotion.
Agid:
5605705