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Cryptic diversity in hymenolepidid tapeworms infecting humans
- Nkouawa, Agathe, Haukisalmi, Voitto, Li, Tiaoying, Nakao, Minoru, Lavikainen, Antti, Chen, Xingwang, Henttonen, Heikki, Ito, Akira
- Parasitology international 2016 v.65 no.2 pp. 83-86
- Apodemus, Hymenolepis diminuta, Hymenolepis nana, adults, cysticercosis, cytochrome-c oxidase, epidemiological studies, human diseases, humans, mice, mitochondrial DNA, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, tapeworms, women, China, Eurasia
- An adult hymenolepidid tapeworm was recovered from a 52-year-old Tibetan woman during a routine epidemiological survey for human taeniasis/cysticercosis in Sichuan, China. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of nuclear 28S ribosomal DNA and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 showed that the human isolate is distinct from Hymenolepis diminuta and Hymenolepis nana, the common parasites causing human hymenolepiasis. Proglottids of the human isolate were unfortunately unsuitable for morphological identification. However, the resultant phylogeny demonstrated the human isolate to be a sister species to Hymenolepis hibernia from Apodemus mice in Eurasia. The present data clearly indicate that hymenolepidid tapeworms causing human infections are not restricted to only H. diminuta and H. nana.