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Linking ecological principles to tools and strategies in an EBIPM program
- Joseph M. DiTomaso, Brenda S. Smith
- Rangelands 2012 v.34 no.6 pp. 30-34
- ecosystems, grazing, herbicides, integrated pest management, invasive species, land restoration, pesticide application, plant communities, prescribed burning, tillage, weed control
- In ecosystems that are heavily invaded, it is common for the level of degradation to become so intense that the native plant seedbank is reduced. In these cases, active restoration that includes revegetation efforts and stress manipulations through herbicide use, tillage, periodic flooding, prescribed burning, or timely strategic grazing are often necessary to recover certain ecosystem functions. Selectively is critical when developing an effective weed management program. Both strategic grazing and herbicides can be applied selectively to alter the trajectory of a plant community to a more desired and functional state.