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Instrumental and multivariate statistical analyses for the characterisation of the geographical origin of Apulian virgin olive oils

Longobardi, F., Ventrella, A., Casiello, G., Sacco, D., Catucci, L., Agostiano, A., Kontominas, M.G.
Food chemistry 2012 v.133 no.2 pp. 579-584
acidity, chlorophyll, discriminant analysis, fatty acids, models, multivariate analysis, peroxide value, prediction, principal component analysis, provenance, virgin olive oil, Italy
In this paper, virgin olive oils (VOOs) coming from three different geographic origins of Apulia, were analysed for free acidity, peroxide value, spectrophotometric indexes, chlorophyll content, sterol, fatty acid, and triacylglycerol compositions. In order to predict the geographical origin of VOOs, different multivariate approaches were applied. By performing principal component analysis (PCA) a modest natural grouping of the VOOs was observed on the basis of their origin, and consequently three supervised techniques, i.e., general discriminant analysis (GDA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) were used and the results were compared. In particular, the best prediction ability was produced by applying GDA (average prediction ability of 82.5%), even if interesting results were obtained also by applying the other two classification techniques, i.e., 77.2% and 75.5% for PLS-DA and SIMCA, respectively.