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Mastitis associated with Prototheca zopfii - an emerging health and economic problem on dairy farms

Milanov, Dubravka, Petrović, Tamaš, Polaček, Vladimir, Suvajdžić, Ljiljana, Bojkovski, Jovan
Journal of Veterinary Research 2016 v.60 no.4 pp. 373-378
Prototheca zopfii, cows, dairy farming, financial economics, herds, mammary glands, mastitis, milking
Increased incidence of protothecal mastitis has been recorded in several countries in the past ten years. The main goal of this article is to draw the attention of scientific and professional community to the emerging issue of mammary protothecosis. The article collates currently known facts about infection reservoirs, predisposing factors for the development of mastitis, clinical manifestations of the disease, and potential transmission routes within the herd as well as the measures for control and eradication. We would like to point out that identification of protothecal mastitis on a dairy farm is associated with a range of problems. Early detection of infected animals can be difficult because of predominantly subclinical course of early-stage infection, which easily spreads between cows via the milking system. Spontaneous recovery has not been recorded and infected cows typically develop chronic mastitis with granulomatous infiltration and progressive loss of functional parenchyma of the mammary gland. Substantial economic losses and health damages associated with mammary protothecosis strongly emphasise the need for developing effective prevention strategies aimed at control of the infection.