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Screening of the Cervidae family in Poland for Mycoplasma species

Dudek, Katarzyna, Bednarek, Dariusz, Szacawa, Ewelina, Ayling, Roger D.
Journal of Veterinary Research 2016 v.60 no.4 pp. 399-402
Capreolus capreolus, Cervus dama, Cervus elaphus, Mycoplasma bovis, animal health, antibodies, antigen detection, blood serum, deer, hosts, immunoblotting, mycoplasmosis, nose, risk, screening, Poland
Introduction: Several Mycoplasma species can cause severe diseases in ruminant hosts, some of which are the diseases listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The role of the Cervidae family in carrying and transmitting ruminant mycoplasma infections in Poland is unknown. Material and Methods: Antibody and antigen detection tests for the main mycoplasma species that can affect wild ruminants were performed on 237 samples (serum, nasal swab, bronchoalveolar lavage, and lung) collected from 161 animals during 2011-2014. The samples were obtained from a cull of healthy population of deer which included: 96 red deer (Cervus elaphus elaphus), 19 fallow deer (Dama dama), and 46 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Results: Serological screening tests revealed positive reactions to Mycoplasma bovis in one sample and to Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae in three samples; however, these three samples were negative by immunoblotting. Other antibody and antigen detection tests demonstrated negative results. Conclusion: Currently wild cervids in Poland do not play a significant role in transmitting mycoplasma infections to domestic animals, but they remain a potential risk.