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Contamination of raw bivalve molluscs available in Poland between 2009 and 2013 with marine biotoxins

Michalski, Mirosław, Osek, Jacek
Journal of Veterinary Research 2016 v.60 no.4 pp. 447-451
Bivalvia, business enterprises, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, foodborne illness, marine toxins, markets, risk, scallops, shellfish, Poland
Introduction: Growing consumption of shellfish is associated with an increased risk of food poisoning. The study was carried out on live bivalve molluscs available on the Polish market between 2009 and 2013. Material and Methods: ELISA was used for the determination of the following marine biotoxins: paralytic shellfish poison (PSP), amnaesic shellfish poison (ASP), and diarrhoeic shellfish poison (DSP). The molluscs, of which seven species were examined, were obtained from wholesale companies and markets. Results: Marine biotoxins were detected below the permitted levels in 67.6% of the samples. The maximum amounts of PSP and ASP biotoxins were found in great scallops (532.6 μg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg respectively) and the peak for DSP was in blue mussels (107 μg/kg). Conclusion: The analysis of toxicological status of raw bivalve molluscs available on the market in Poland indicates that they are safe for consumers.