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Chromogenic Agar Medium for Detection and Isolation of Escherichia coli Serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 from Fresh Beef and Cattle Feces

Kalchayanand, Norasak, Arthur, Terrance M., Bosilevac, Joseph M., Wells, James E., Wheeler, Tommy L.
Journal of food protection 2013 v.76 no.2 pp. 192
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, agar, bacterial contamination, beef, beef cattle, beta-galactosidase, carbohydrate metabolism, culture media, feces, food contamination, food pathogens, immunomagnetic separation, screening
Non-O157 Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are clinically important foodborne pathogens. Unlike E. coli O157:H7, these foodborne pathogens have no unique biochemical characteristics to readily distinguish them from other E. coli strains growing on plating media. In this study, a chromogenic agar medium was developed in order to differentiate among non-O157 STEC strains of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 on a single agar medium. The ability of this chromogenic agar medium to select and distinguish among these pathogens is based on a combination of utilization of carbohydrates, b-galactosidase activity, and resistance to selective agents. The agar medium in combination with immunomagnetic separation was evaluated and successfully allowed for the detection and isolation of these six serogroups from artificially contaminated fresh beef. The agar medium in combination with immunomagnetic separation also allowed successful detection and isolation of naturally occurring non-O157 STEC strains present in cattle feces. Thirty-five strains of the top six non-O157 STEC serogroups were isolated from 1,897 fecal samples collected from 271 feedlot cattle. This chromogenic agar medium could help significantly in routine screening for the top six non-O157 STEC serogroups from beef cattle and other food.