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Atypical composition and structure of the mitochondrial dimeric ATP synthase from Euglena gracilis

Yadav, K.N. Sathish, Miranda-Astudillo, Héctor V., Colina-Tenorio, Lilia, Bouillenne, Fabrice, Degand, Hervé, Morsomme, Pierre, González-Halphen, Diego, Boekema, Egbert J., Cardol, Pierre
BBA - Bioenergetics 2017 v.1858 pp. 267-275
Euglena gracilis, H+/K+-exchanging ATPase, H-transporting ATP synthase, Trypanosoma brucei, adenosine diphosphate, adenosine triphosphate, chromatography, eukaryotic cells, fungi, gel electrophoresis, mammals, mass spectrometry, mitochondria, photosynthesis, transmission electron microscopy
Mitochondrial respiratory-chain complexes from Euglenozoa comprise classical subunits described in other eukaryotes (i.e. mammals and fungi) and subunits that are restricted to Euglenozoa (e.g. Euglena gracilis and Trypanosoma brucei). Here we studied the mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase (or Complex V) from the photosynthetic eukaryote E. gracilis in detail. The enzyme was purified by a two-step chromatographic procedure and its subunit composition was resolved by a three-dimensional gel electrophoresis (BN/SDS/SDS). Twenty-two different subunits were identified by mass-spectrometry analyses among which the canonical α, β, γ, δ, ε, and OSCP subunits, and at least seven subunits previously found in Trypanosoma. The ADP/ATP carrier was also associated to the ATP synthase into a dimeric ATP synthasome. Single-particle analysis by transmission electron microscopy of the dimeric ATP synthase indicated that the structures of both the catalytic and central rotor parts are conserved while other structural features are original. These new features include a large membrane-spanning region joining the monomers, an external peripheral stalk and a structure that goes through the membrane and reaches the inter membrane space below the c-ring, the latter having not been reported for any mitochondrial F-ATPase.