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MiRNA-30e mediated cardioprotection of ACE2 in rats with Doxorubicin-induced heart failure through inhibiting cardiomyocytes autophagy

Lai, Lei, Chen, Junzhu, Wang, Ningfu, Zhu, Gangjie, Duan, Xu, Ling, Feng
Life sciences 2017 v.169 pp. 69-75
3' untranslated regions, Western blotting, apoptosis, autophagy, cardiomyocytes, cardiomyopathy, doxorubicin, gene expression, heart failure, humans, in vitro studies, intraperitoneal injection, microRNA, non-coding RNA, peptidyl-dipeptidase A, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rats, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, signal transduction
miRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that has been proved to be involved in cardioprotection. The present study was to detect role of miR-30e in cardiac-protective action of ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2).Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups and received treatment for a total of 6weeks: group1, normal rats; group2, Doxorubicin-induced heart cardiomyopathy (DHC) rats; and group3, rhACE2 (recombinant human ACE2) treated DHC rats. Doxorubicin was discontinuously administered via intraperitoneal injection. Primary cardiomyocytes and H9C2 cell line were used for in vitro experiments. MiR-30a, miR-30c and miR-30e expression were determined using qRT-PCR. Expression of autophagy associated gene expression including Beclin-1 and LC3 II/I were determined using western blot. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL assay.Administration of ACE2 suppressed harmful action of Doxorubicin and caused a significant improvement of left ventricular contractility function, upregulation in miR-30 (a, c and e) expression, and inhibition in Beclin-1 expression and LC3-II/I ratio. This was supported by results of Ad-ACE2-incubated primary cardiomyocytes. By manipulating miR-30e expression in H9C2 cells, we observed that miR-30e regulated Beclin-1 expression via inhibiting its 3’UTR activity. MiR-30e mimic treatment resulted in downregulation of Beclin-1 and protected primary cardiomyocytes against apoptosis. Moreover, silencing miR-30e induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis was abrogated by ACE2 overexpresssion. This was further confirmed by in vivo DHC rat experiments that showed that co-injected ACE2 and miR-30 inhibitor reduced cardiac function.In summary, administration of ACE2 attenuates Doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction via preservation of cardiomyocytes autophagy in a miR-30e/beclin-1 signal pathway.