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Aqueous seed extract of Hunteria umbellata (K. Schum.) Hallier f. (Apocynaceae) palliates hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress in high-fructose diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rats

Author:
Ajiboye, T.O., Hussaini, A.A., Nafiu, B.Y., Ibitoye, O.B.
Source:
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2017 v.198 pp. 184-193
ISSN:
0378-8741
Subject:
DNA, Hunteria, adiponectin, antioxidants, blood glucose, body mass index, catalase, coronary vessels, diabetes, diet, fructose, glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hydroperoxides, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, inflammation, insulin, insulin resistance, interleukin-6, leptin, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, malondialdehyde, metabolic syndrome, necrosis, neoplasms, obesity, oxidative stress, rats, seed extracts, superoxide dismutase, traditional medicine, triacylglycerols, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, Nigeria
Abstract:
Hunteria umbellata is used in the management and treatment of diabetes and obesity in Nigeria. This study evaluates the effect of aqueous seed extract of Hunteria umbellata on insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress in high-fructose diet-induced metabolic syndromeRats were randomized into seven groups (A-G). Control (group A) and group C rats received control diet for nine weeks while rats in groups B, D – G were placed on high-fructose diet for 9 weeks. In addition to the diets, groups C – F rats orally received 400, 100, 200 and 400mg/kg body weight aqueous seed extract of Hunteria umbellata for 3 weeks starting from 6th – 9th week.High-fructose diet (when compared to control rats) mediated a significant (p<0.05) increase in body weight, body mass index and abdominal circumference. Similarly, levels of blood glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin and insulin resistance were increased. It also caused a significant increase in the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, atherogenic index, cardiac index and coronary artery index while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was decreased significantly. Levels of proinflammatory factor, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and 8 were also increased by the high fructose diet. Moreover, it mediated decrease in activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and level of glutathione reduced. Conversely, levels of malondialdehyde, conjugated dienes, lipid hydroperoxides, protein carbonyl and fragmented DNA were elevated. Aqueous seed extract of Hunteria umbellata significantly ameliorated the high fructose diet-mediated alterations.From this study, it is concluded that aqueous seed extract of Hunteria umbellata possesses hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antioxidants abilities as evident from its capability to extenuate insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, inflammation and oxidative stress in high-fructose diet-induced metabolic syndrome rats.
Agid:
5613088