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iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis of midgut in silkworm infected with Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus
- Gao, Kun, Deng, Xiang-yuan, Shang, Meng-ke, Qin, Guang-xing, Hou, Cheng-xiang, Guo, Xi-jie
- Journal of proteomics 2017 v.152 pp. 300-311
- Bombyx mori, Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus, Toll-like receptors, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, apoptosis, autophagy, biosynthesis, cluster analysis, death, defense mechanisms, epithelial cells, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, industry, infancy, larvae, liquid chromatography, messenger RNA, midgut, oxidative phosphorylation, protein synthesis, proteomics, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, sericulture, signal transduction, silk, silkworms, steroid hormones, tandem mass spectrometry, transcription (genetics), viruses
- Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) specifically infects the epithelial cells in the midgut of silkworm and causes them to death, which negatively affects the sericulture industry. In order to determine the midgut response at the protein levels to the virus infection, differential proteomes of the silkworm midgut responsive to BmCPV infection were identified with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). 193, 408, 189 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were reliably quantified by iTRAQ analysis in the midgut of BmCPV-infected and control larvae at 24, 48, 72h post infection (hpi) respectively. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that Oxidative phosphorylation, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, steroid hormone biosynthesis were the significant pathways (Q value≤0.05) both at 24 and 48hpi. qRT-PCR was used to further verify gene transcription of 30 DEPs from iTRAQ, showing that the regulations of 24 genes at the transcript level were consistent with those at the proteomic level. Moreover, the cluster analysis of the three time groups showed that there were seven co-regulated DEPs including BGIBMGA002620-PA, which was a putative p62/sequestosome-1 protein in silkworm. It was upregulated at both the mRNA level and the proteomic level and may play an important role in regulating the autophagy and apoptosis (especially apoptosis) induced by BmCPV infection. This was the first report using an iTRAQ approach to analyze proteomes of the silkworm midgut against BmCPV infection, which contributes to understanding the defense mechanisms of silkworm midgut to virus infection.The domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, is renowned for silk production as well as being a traditional lepidopteron model insect served as a subject for morphological, genetic, physiological, and developmental studies. Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) specifically infects the epithelial cells in the midgut of silkworm and causes the silkworm to death, which negatively affects the sericulture industry. Studies on insect antiviral immunity and on interactive mechanisms between host cells and BmCPV are in their infancy and remain insufficient. In order to obtain an overall view of silkworm response to BmCPV infection, we performed a proteomic analysis of the midgut of silkworm responses to BmCPV infection by iTRAQ. This was the first report using an iTRAQ approach to analyze proteomes of the silkworm midgut against BmCPV infection, which contributes to understanding the defense mechanisms of silkworm midgut to virus infection.