Main content area

Microbiological air quality at municipal waste sorting plant

Bulski, Karol, Frączek, Krzysztof, Chmiel, Maria J.
Ochrona Środowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych 2016 v.27 no.4 pp. 24-27
air, air quality, airborne microorganisms, bacteria, bioaerosols, environmental protection, fungi, natural resources, particle size distribution, particulates, summer, wastes
Municipal waste plants can be a source of biological contamination of the environment, depending on the method of operation and the type of collected waste. The aim of this study was the quantitative characteristics of airborne microorganisms at the Barycz municipal waste sorting plant in Cracow. Bioaerosol measurements of indoor and outdoor air of the municipal waste sorting plant were performed during the summer season using a six-stage Andersen cascade impactor. The highest concentration of bacterial and fungal aerosol was observed in the medium fraction sorting room (129.02×10³ cfu·m⁻³ and 116.21×10³ cfu·m⁻³, respectively). There were statistically significant differences in the concentrations of bacterial and fungal aerosol between indoor and outdoor air. The calculations showed a significant correlation between the concentration of bioaerosol and particulate matter. Based on the analysis of bioaerosol particle size distribution, it was found that the concentration of bacteria and fungi has a maximum value in the diameter range 3.3-7.0 μm. The study confirmed that the municipal waste sorting plants can be causing exposure to microbiological agents.