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Comparative transcriptomic analysis by RNA-seq of Acid Tolerance Response (ATR) in EHEC O157:H7

Hu, Shuangfang, Xiao, Xinglong, Wu, Xinwei, Xia, Xingzhou, Yu, Yigang, Wu, Hui
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2017 v.79 pp. 300-308
Escherichia coli O157, acid tolerance, acid treatment, acidity, cross immunity, cytoplasm, decarboxylation, enzymes, hydrogenation, lysine, pH, protons, sequence analysis, stomach, transcriptomics, uncertainty
ATR in EHEC O157:H7 and the cross-protection effects thus induced lead to the uncertainty of food safety. This study aimed to identify factors that are associated with the ATR in EHEC O157:H7 under stomach acidity using RNA-seq. In total, 223 DEGs in E. coli O157:H7 and 110 DEGs in E. coli after acid treatment were identified, including 118 upregulated and 105 downregulated in EHEC O157:H7, and 89 upregulated and 21 downregulated in E. coli ATCC 25922. According to our results, when facing the ATR environment, protein Asr regulated the whole acid resistance process. In E. coli ATCC 25922, cadA and cadB mediate the lysine decarboxylation consumed the extra protons inside and keep the neutral pH value in cytoplasm to protect the E. coli from death. In contrast, oxidation-reduction mediated by ahpC, which was activated by the depression of oxyR, and hydrogenation mediated by mhpA consumed the protons inside keeping the neutral pH value to protect the EHEC O157:H7 from harm induced by a low pH environment. In addition, EHEC O157:H7 expressed more anti-oxidation enzymes to repair damage caused by acid stress, which enhanced its resistance to acid compared to E. coli ATCC 25922.