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Effects of lattice apron density on yarn qualities in Four-line compact spinning system
- Liu, Xinjin, Su, Xuzhong, Zhang, Hong
- The journal of the Textile Institute 2017 v.108 no.4 pp. 511-521
- air flow, cameras, fabrics, finite element analysis, mathematical models, spinning, yarns
- In the paper, using finite element method (FEM), the effects of lattice apron density on yarn qualities in Four-line compact spinning system were studied by analyzing the numerical simulations of the airflow velocity. Firstly, three different kinds of yarns, 18.2tex (32 S), 9.7tex (60 S), and 5.8tex (100 S), were spun on FA507B spinning frame equipped with lattice aprons of mesh size 150, 120, and 100, respectively. The hairiness, breaking strength, and evenness of spun yarns were tested and comparatively analyzed. Secondly, using FEM, the numerical simulations of the airflow velocity in the condensing zone were presented. The finite element model of condensing zone was constructed according to the physical parameters of the practical system. Then, the simulation of airflow velocities on five straight lines located in the front, middle, and back of condensing zone were given. It is shown that, in the whole condensing zone, for the lattice apron with mesh size 100, the direct transverse condensing force is high, but the assisted condensing force is low and disorder, which is not beneficial for yarn qualities. Compared to the lattice apron with mesh size 150, the usage of lattice apron with mesh size 120 may be beneficial for the high-count yarn condensing or the yarn condensing under the relatively lower negative pressures. Furthermore, taking the 9.7tex as an example, the trajectory of yarn movement in the condensing zone was given using high-speed camera system OLYMPUS i-speed3. Corresponding airflow velocities along the yarn movement path were presented.