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Pesticide contaminants in selected species of edible wild mushrooms from the north-eastern part of Poland Part B Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes

Gałgowska, Michalina, Pietrzak-Fiećko, Renata
Journal of environmental science and health 2017 v.52 no.3 pp. 214-217
Boletus edulis, Cantharellus cibarius, DDD (pesticide), DDE (pesticide), DDT (pesticide), fruiting bodies, gas chromatography, hexane, lindane, lipids, pollution, quantitative analysis, sulfuric acid, wild edible mushrooms, Poland
The aim of this study was to determine the level of chlorinated hydrocarbon residues in selected edible mushrooms from north-eastern Poland. The experiment was carried out on 45 samples consisting of 15 fruiting bodies each of the following species: Boletus edulis, Imleria badia and Cantharellus cibarius . Dried samples were subjected to extraction of lipids with a Soxhlet and a standard procedure—based on the decomposition of lipids by concentrated sulfuric acid and the release of organic insecticides to the hexane layer—was used to determine chlorinated hydrocarbons. The quantitative determination of DDT, DDE, DDD and γ-HCH were conducted using gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC-ECD). Chlorinated hydrocarbons were found in all tested samples. The contents of these compounds varied between all three species. Mean content of γ-HCH in B. edulis, I. badia and C. cibarius was: 2.60; 4.83; 7.52 µg kg ⁻¹ of lipids, while the content of ΣDDT was: 57.02; 25.20; 127.10 µg kg ⁻¹ of lipids, respectively. These results show that mushrooms from the north-eastern part of Poland can be used as potential bio-indicators of environmental contamination with chlorinated hydrocarbons. Moreover, the studied fungi could still be used as food due to the low levels of analyzed organochlorine compounds.