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Food quality affects wing-form, demographic traits and number of yeast-like symbionts (YLS) in the planthopper vector, Delphacodes kuscheli (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)

Brentassi, María E., Maciá, Arnaldo, de la Fuente, Daniela, Cano, María E., Marino de Remes Lenicov, Ana M.
Studies on neotropical fauna and environment 2017 v.52 no.1 pp. 25-36
Delphacodes, Neotropics, adulthood, corn, females, instars, leaves, males, morphs, nutritive value, nymphs, oats, pests, survival rate, symbionts, Argentina
Delphacodes kuscheli , the main vector of maize Mal de Río Cuarto disease in Argentina, was used to analyze the effect of food quality on wing-form, demographic traits and number of yeast-like symbionts (YLS). First instar nymphs were caged on the leaf apex or on the ligular zone of oat plants, characterized by having low and high nutritional value respectively, and followed in their development to adulthood. Food quality affected the proportion of wing morphs, with an increased number of brachypterous individuals on the higher food quality zone. Macropterous and brachypterous females from the ligular zone had higher survivorship, shorter development time and higher number of YLS. For males, development time and number of YLS did not differ significantly in individuals fed from both zones, while body and wing length were superior in individuals fed on the ligular zone. Results suggest that females allocate the resources from feeding on a richer zone to reduce the pre-reproductive period and to increase the number of YLS, and males acquire a larger size while maintaining development time and YLS number. This is the first study quantifying the variation of number of YLS according to food quality in a Neotropical planthopper pest.