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The Dahlia mosaic virus gene VI product N-terminal region is involved in self-association
- Raikhy, Gaurav, Krause, Charles, Leisner, Scott
- ARS USDA Submissions 2011 v.159 no.1 pp. 69
- Cauliflower mosaic virus, Dahlia mosaic virus, amino acids, binding proteins, floriculture, genes, maltose, open reading frames, plant viruses, protein-protein interactions, signal peptide, two hybrid system techniques, viral proteins, yeasts
- The genome of the floriculture pathogen Dahlia mosaic caulimovirus (DMV) encodes six open reading frames. Generally, caulimovirus gene VI products (P6s) are thought to be multifunctional proteins required for viral infection and it is likely that self-association is required for some of these functions. In this study, yeast two-hybrid and maltose binding protein (MBP) pull-down assays indicated that full-length DMV P6 specifically self-associates. Further analyses indicated that only the DMV P6 N-terminal region, consisting of 115 amino acids, interacts with full-length P6 and with itself. This distinguishes the DMV P6 from its Cauliflower mosaic virus counterpart, which contains four regions involved in self-association. Thus, our results suggest that each caulimovirus P6 may possess a unique pattern of protein-protein interactions. Bioinformatic tools identified a putative nuclear exclusion signal located between amino acid residues 10-20, suggesting another possible function for the P6 N-terminal region.