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Optimisation of sludge pretreatment by low frequency sonication under pressure
- Le, Ngoc Tuan, Julcour-Lebigue, Carine, Barthe, Laurie, Delmas, Henri
- Journal of environmental management 2016 v.165 pp. 206-212
- hydrolysis, sludge, solubilization, specific energy, temperature, United States
- This work aims at optimizing sludge pretreatment by non-isothermal sonication, varying frequency, US power (PUS) and intensity (IUS varied through probe size), as well as hydrostatic pressure and operation mode (continuous vs. sequential – or pulsed – process).Under non isothermal sonication sludge solubilization results from both ultrasound disintegration and thermal hydrolysis which are conversely depending on temperature. As found in isothermal operation:- For a given specific energy input, higher sludge disintegration is still achieved at higher PUS and lower sonication time.- US effects can be highly improved by applying a convenient pressure.- 12 kHz always performs better than 20 kHz.Nevertheless the optimum pressure depends not only on PUS and IUS, but also on temperature evolution during sonication.Under adiabatic mode, a sequential sonication using 5 min US-on at 360 W, 12 kHz, and 3.25 bar and 30 min US-off gives the best sludge disintegration, while maintaining temperature in a convenient range to prevent US damping.