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Socio-economic impacts of low-carbon power generation portfolios: Strategies with and without CCS for the Netherlands
- Koelbl, Barbara S., van den Broek, Machteld A., Wilting, Harry C., Sanders, Mark W.J.L., Bulavskaya, Tatyana, Wood, Richard, Faaij, André P.C., van Vuuren, Detlef P.
- Applied energy 2016 v.183 pp. 257-277
- carbon sequestration, employment, greenhouse gas emissions, imports, mining, natural gas, power generation, socioeconomics, value added, Netherlands
- Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) could be an interesting option to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands. This study compares a mitigation strategy for the Dutch power sector that includes CCS to one without on several socio-economic indicators. In particular, we calculate incremental gross value added (GVA), employment and import dependency impacts of two such low-carbon power production portfolios for the Netherlands. We combine technology specific techno-economic bottom-up data with a macro-economic multi-regional Input-Output-Table containing high sectoral detail. For the total economy, we find the differences between these scenarios to be small. Still, gross value added, and employment are lower under the CCS-inclusive strategy, while import dependency is higher. For the power sector, the differences between the scenarios are, however, considerable. Furthermore, our analysis shows that also for other sectors the differences between the scenarios could be large. For instance, a CCS-exclusive strategy leads to considerably higher GVA and employment in domestic construction services, while the CCS-inclusive strategy comes with considerably higher GVA and employment for natural gas mining and related upstream sectors.