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Multi-objective optimization of wind turbine blades using lifting surface method

Shen, Xin, Chen, Jin-Ge, Zhu, Xiao-Cheng, Liu, Peng-Yin, Du, Zhao-Hui
Energy 2015 v.90 pp. 1111-1121
algorithms, energy, models, system optimization, wind turbines
This paper describes a multi-objective optimization method for the design of horizontal axis wind turbines using the lifting surface method as the performance prediction model. The aerodynamic code for the design method is based on the lifting surface method with a prescribed wake model for the description of the wake. A multi-objective optimization algorithm approach is employed for the optimization of wind turbine blades with 3D stacking line (swept leaned blades). The (NSGA II) Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II is used to facilitate the multi-objective optimization and to find the global optima of high-dimensional problems. The scope of the optimization method is to achieve the best trade off of the following objectives: maximum of annual energy production and minimum of blade loads including thrust and blade rood flap-wise moment. To illustrate how the optimization of the blade is carried out the procedure is applied to NREL Phase VI rotor. The result shows the optimization models can provide more efficient designs.