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Quantum chemical and thermodynamic calculations of fulvic and humic copper complexes in reactions of malachite and azurite formation
- Fomin, Vitaliy N., Gogol, Daniil B., Rozhkovoy, Ivan E., Ponomarev, Dmitriy L.
- Applied geochemistry 2017 v.79 pp. 9-16
- alkaline earth metals, azurite, compliance, computer software, enthalpy, entropy, fulvic acids, geochemistry, heat, humus, malachite
- This article provides a thermodynamic evaluation of the reactions of humic and fulvic acids in the process of malachite and azurite mineralogenesis. Semi-empirical methods AM/1, MNDO, PM3, PM5, PM6 and PM7 were used to compute the heat of formation, enthalpy and entropy for thermodynamic calculations of the reactions performed on the basis of Hess's law. It is shown that methods PM6 and PM7 in the MOPAC software package provide good compliance with experimental and calculated heats of formation for copper complexes and alkaline earth metal complexes with organic acids. It is found that the malachite and azurite formation processes involving humus complexing substances are thermodynamically possible.