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Antibacterial properties of selenium nanoparticles and their toxicity to Caco-2 cells

Nguyen, Trang H.D., Vardhanabhuti, Bongkosh, Lin, Mengshi, Mustapha, Azlin
Food control 2017 v.77 pp. 17-24
Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, anti-infective agents, antibacterial properties, bacteria, cytotoxicity, dose response, food pathogens, food safety, human cell lines, nanoparticles, selenium, shrinkage
The antibacterial properties of Se NPs were investigated against four foodborne pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes). The cytotoxicity of Se NPs was also studied using the Caco-2 cell line. Se NPs at concentrations of 10 μg/mL or higher exhibited dose-dependent antimicrobial properties against S. aureus, but not on the other three pathogens. Se NPs also exhibited various degrees of toxicity on Caco-2 cells after 24 h of exposure. Cellular shrinkage and irregular shapes of treated bacterial cells indicated that the antimicrobial effects of Se NPs are bacteriostatic, not bactericidal. This is the first study to investigate the antimicrobial activity of Se NPs against important foodborne pathogens. The results of this study demonstrate that Se NPs can be used as an antimicrobial agent to inhibit the growth of S. aureus and can be potentially used for food safety applications.