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Effect of acetate as a co-feedstock on the production of poly(lactate-co-3-hydroxyalkanoate) by pflA-deficient Escherichia coli RSC10

Salamanca-Cardona, Lucia, Scheel, Ryan A., Mizuno, Kouhei, Bergey, N. Scott, Stipanovic, Arthur J., Matsumoto, Ken'ichiro, Taguchi, Seiichi, Nomura, Christopher T.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2017 v.123 no.5 pp. 547-554
Escherichia coli, acetates, biomass, biosynthesis, composite polymers, feedstocks, fermentation, growth retardation, hemicellulose, lactic acid, lignocellulose, polyhydroxyalkanoates, toxicity, value-added products, xylose
Developing Escherichia coli strains that are tolerant to acetate toxicity is important in light of an increased interest in the efficient utilization of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks for the biosynthesis of value-added products. In this study, four strains known to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from the typical hemicellulosic sugar xylose were tested for their tolerance to acetate. E. coli RSC10 was found to be tolerant of acetate, both in growth and fermentation studies. In the presence of acetate the strain showed a >2-fold increase in overall yields compared to using xylose alone as the feedstock. More importantly, the strain was found to be able to utilize acetate as a feedstock for biosynthesis of PHAs, with complete depletion of acetate (25 mM) at 9 h when acetate was the sole feedstock. Higher concentrations of acetate showed greater inhibition of fermentation than growth with a reduction of 90% in PHA yields at 100 mM. Additionally, the present work provides data to support the potential of acetate as a modulator for the control of composition of PHAs that incorporate lactate (LA) monomers into the copolymer from hemicellulose derived sugars.